|Bonsai Home Learning- Friday 9th March 2018|
|Reading – Please encourage your child to read every day for at least 20 minutes
Spellings – Practise spellings from the spelling list
Darwin was a naturalist, biologist and geologist who sailed the world collecting and observing species from all over the world. He kept diaries of his observations which he illustrated in order to document plants and animals that he had never seen before. Below are 4 extracts from his diary. Your task is to present his findings in an interesting way for your SOLE book. You may wish to draw some of his specimens that he describes, you could recreate his diary as a book with his words and sketches. It is up to you but it needs to be ready to stick it straight into your SOLE book to accompany your work on Darwin.
The ocean, blue from the reflected sky, was seen in glimpses through the forest. Islands crowned with palms varied our horizon. As we passed along, we were amused by watching the humming birds. I counted four species — the smallest at but a short distance precisely resembles in its habits and appearance a Sphinx. The wings moved so rapidly, that they were scarcely visible, and so remaining stationary the little bird darted its beak into the wild flowers, making an extraordinary buzzing noise at the same time, with its wings. Those that I have met with, frequent shaded and retired forests and may there be seen chasing away the rival butterfly.
As the boat was landing me at the Mount, we surprised a large Cabra or Capincha on the rocks. After a long and animated chase in a little bay, I succeeded in shooting it through the head with a ball. These animals abound in the Orinoco and are not uncommon here, but from their shyness and powers of swimming and diving are difficult to be obtained. It is like in its structure a large guinea-pig: in its habits a water rat. It weighed 98 pounds. Having sent my game on board in triumph, I collected great numbers of different animals: some beautiful snakes, lizards and beetles. Under stones were several scorpions about 2 inches long; when pressed by a stick to the ground, they struck it with their stings with such force as very distinctly to be heard.
The sea is here tenanted by many curious birds, amongst which the Steamer is remarkable; this is a large sort of goose, which is quite unable to fly but uses its wings to flapper along the water; from thus beating the water it takes its name. Here also are many Penguins, which in their habits are like fish, so much of their time do they spend under water and when on the surface they show little of their bodies excepting the head — their wings are merely covered with short feathers. So that there are three sorts of birds which use their wings for more purposes than flying; the Steamer as paddles, the penguin as fins and the Ostrich spreads its plumes like sails to the breeze.
At about 11 o’clock, we neared the Western coast of St Jago and by about three we anchored in the bay of Porto Praya. St Jago viewed from the sea is even much more desolate than the land about Santa Cruz. The Volcanic fire of past ages and the scorching heat of a tropical sun have in most places rendered the soil sterile and unfit for vegetation. The country rises in successive steps of table land, interspersed by some truncate conical hills and the horizon is bounded by an irregular chain of more lofty and bolder hills. The scene when viewed through the peculiar atmosphere of the tropics was one of great interest: if indeed a person fresh from sea & walking for the first time in a grove of Cocoa-nut trees, can be a judge of anything but his own happiness.